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A Guide to the Person Centred Approach (Humanistic Therapy)


Person-Centred Approach Therapy, often simply referred to as Person-Centred Therapy or PCT, is a humanistic and client-centred therapeutic approach that focuses on the individual’s innate capacity for growth, self-actualisation, and healing. Developed by the renowned psychologist Carl Rogers in the mid-20th century, this therapy emphasises the importance of empathy, unconditional positive regard, and genuineness in the therapeutic relationship.

Understanding the Basics

Person-Centred Therapy is grounded in several core principles:

1. Unconditional Positive Regard: The therapist creates a safe and non-judgmental environment in which clients feel accepted and valued for who they are. This unconditional positive regard fosters trust and openness.

2. Empathy: Empathy is a cornerstone of Person-Centred Therapy. The therapist strives to deeply understand the client’s perspective, feelings, and experiences. This empathetic connection helps clients explore their emotions and thoughts more openly.

3. Congruence (Genuineness): Therapists in PCT are encouraged to be authentic and genuine in their interactions with clients. This transparency helps build a strong therapeutic relationship based on trust.

Key Techniques in Person-Centred Therapy

1. Reflective Listening: Therapists employ reflective listening to mirror and validate the client’s feelings and thoughts. This technique encourages clients to delve deeper into their emotions and self-exploration.

2. Non-Directive Approach: Person-Centred Therapy is non-directive, meaning that the therapist doesn’t offer advice or solutions. Instead, the therapist facilitates the client’s self-discovery process by providing support and understanding.

3. Open-Ended Questions: Open-ended questions encourage clients to share their thoughts and feelings more expansively, allowing for a deeper exploration of their experiences.

Applications and Effectiveness

Person-Centred Therapy is applicable across various mental health concerns and life challenges:

1. Self-Exploration: PCT is a valuable choice for individuals seeking greater self-awareness, personal growth, and a deeper understanding of their values and beliefs.

2. Relationship Issues: It can help individuals struggling with relationship problems by improving their self-concept and interpersonal skills.

3. Anxiety and Depression: Person-Centred Therapy can assist those dealing with anxiety and depression by providing a safe space to explore and process their emotions.

4. Trauma and Grief: This approach can be effective in helping clients cope with trauma and grief by fostering emotional expression and healing.


Person-Centred Approach Therapy stands as a testament to the power of the therapeutic relationship in facilitating personal growth and healing. By creating an environment of acceptance, empathy, and genuineness, PCT empowers individuals to explore their inner selves, build self-confidence, and find their own solutions to life’s challenges. Whether you’re seeking self-discovery, working through emotional pain, or simply striving for personal growth, Person-Centred Therapy offers a transformative journey towards self-awareness and healing, guided by the belief in the inherent capacity of every individual for positive change.